Skip to main content

Lower Manhattan Coastal Resiliency (LMCR) is the City’s plan to adapt Lower Manhattan to climate change, for this generation and the next.

LMCR will protect Lower Manhattan from inundation by rising sea levels and coastal storms. The plan will ensure the area’s continuity in serving residents, workers, visitors, and commuters who rely heavily on its transit network and want to remain in their dynamic neighborhoods.

By the Numbers


in citywide damages and lost economic activity from Hurricane Sandy

Why Adapt to Climate Change?

Climate change is the greatest threat New York City faces today. In October 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit New York City, flooding 17 percent of the city’s land, and claiming 44 lives. In Lower Manhattan alone, the impact of Hurricane Sandy was devastating, causing two deaths, damaging thousands of homes and interrupting a critical transportation hub.

Since then, the scientific community has reached consensus that, absent significant action, climate change will have devastating consequences at a faster rate than previously thought. Based on current projections, if no action is taken, sea-level rise will submerge parts of Lower Manhattan on a regular basis in this generation and put critical infrastructure and jobs serving all of New York City and the region at risk. This includes our subway and ferry network, our sewer system, 10 percent of the city’s jobs, and many historic, cultural and community assets.

That’s why the City is taking bold, significant action, investing $900 million in climate adaptation projects to protect Lower Manhattan now, as well as planning for long-term climate adaptation to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

Financial District and Seaport Climate Resilience Master Plan

NYCEDC and Mayor's Office of Climate Resiliency (MOCR) released the Financial District and Seaport Climate Resilience Master Plan, a blueprint for comprehensive flood defense infrastructure to protect Lower Manhattan from the urgent threat of climate change.

The plan, projected to cost $5 billion to $7 billion, reimagines the shoreline of Lower Manhattan and creates a 21st-century resilient waterfront to withstand severe coastal storms and rising sea levels, which together pose a serious threat to the low-lying Financial District and South Street Seaport neighborhoods where close to a million people work, live, and commute through.

To protect the area—almost one mile of waterfront from the Battery to the Brooklyn Bridge, which was hard-hit by Hurricane Sandy in 2012—the master plan features a multilevel waterfront that extends the shoreline of the East River. The upper level will be elevated to protect against severe storms like Sandy, while doubling as public open spaces with sweeping views of the city and harbor. The lower level will be a continuous waterfront esplanade, raised to protect against sea-level rise while connecting New Yorkers to the water's edge. When implemented, this innovative design will safeguard Lower Manhattan in a time of rising sea levels and more frequent and intense coastal storms.

The City has worked closely with the community to shape this plan. Through numerous public meetings and workshops, an online engagement portal, youth outreach with local schools, and other creative forms of engagement, the City incorporated feedback at every step along the way. To maximize outside input, the City also formed the Climate Coalition for Lower Manhattan, a group of local and citywide stakeholders chaired by Elizabeth Yee, Executive Vice President and Chief of Staff at The Rockefeller Foundation, and Tammy Meltzer, Chairperson of Manhattan Community Board 1.

In addition to the FiDi-Seaport Climate Resilience Master Plan, the larger Lower Manhattan Coastal Resiliency strategy, backed by over $900 million in City investments to protect Lower Manhattan from flooding, includes active capital projects in Battery Park City, the Battery, and the Two Bridges neighborhood north of the Brooklyn Bridge. In October 2021, the City announced $110 million in funding for Seaport Coastal Resilience, a new project to protect South Street Seaport—the lowest lying and most vulnerable part of the master plan study area—from flooding in the years before the master plan is implemented.

To learn more and download the full report, please visit

A Study and a Plan

This plan for Lower Manhattan came into focus In March 2019, when the City released the Lower Manhattan Climate Resilience Study, a comprehensive look at current and future climate risks and impacts on Lower Manhattan.

The study assessed a broad range of climate hazards, including:

  1. Chronic Conditions, including sea level rise, groundwater table rise, and tidal inundation
  2. Climate Events, including storm surge, extreme precipitation, and heat waves
By the Numbers


of buildings in Lower Manhattan will be at risk from storm surge by 2050.

and found that:

  • By the 2050s, 37 percent of buildings in Lower Manhattan will be at risk from storm surge  
  • By 2100, almost 50 percent of buildings will be at risk from storm surge, and 20 percent of Lower Manhattan’s streets will be at risk of daily flooding due to over six feet of projected sea-level rise 
  • Groundwater table rise is projected to put 7 percent of buildings at risk of destabilization and expose 39 percent of streets with underground utilities to corrosion and water infiltration 
FiDi Seaport Map
By the Numbers


The City’s investment to protect Lower Manhattan from the effects of climate change.

From the findings of the study, the City identified permanent adaptation projects and developed an overall strategy for the climate resilience of Lower Manhattan. These projects will protect 70 percent of Lower Manhattan’s coastline and will all be in construction by 2021.

Beginning in spring 2019, the City began a robust community process to discuss the study, its strategies, dedicated investments, and further planning. Each of the advancing capital projects as well as the master plan includes its own community and public engagement process.

View the Virtual Tour

Join the virtual walking tour to explore the Lower Manhattan Coastal Resiliency project first hand.

Lower Manhattan
FiDi & Seaport Interactive Open House Documents - 2.24.20
  • Event Guide
  • 1. Lower Manhattan’s Role in the City and Region
  • 2. Daily Tidal Flooding
  • 3. Rain and the Combined Sewer System
  • 4. Coastal Storm Flooding
  • 5. Citywide Adaptation
  • 6. Lower Manhattan Coastal Resiliency
  • 7. Financial District and Seaport Climate Resilience Plan
More Public Meeting and Other Documents
  • BK Bridge-Montgomery Coastal Resiliency – Design Update for Community Board 3 April 15, 2021
  • Community Board 1 Update February 22, 2021
  • BK Bridge-Montgomery Coastal Resiliency – Design Update for Community Board 3 September 10, 2020
  • BK Bridge-Montgomery Coastal Resiliency - Design Progress for Two Bridges Neighborhood Project Governor Alfred E. Smith Houses February 20, 2020
  • CB3 Parks and Waterfront Committee Presentation February 12, 2020
  • LMCR Financial District and Seaport Interactive Open House Flyer
  • BK Bridge-Montgomery Coastal Resiliency - Design Progress for Two Bridges Neighborhood Project Knickerbocker Village December 16, 2019
  • Manhattan Community Board 3 Parks and Waterfront Committee Meeting (Brooklyn Bridge Esplanade and BK Bridge-Montgomery Coastal Resilience Combined Update) October 10, 2019
  • BK Bridge-Montgomery Coastal Resiliency Public Meeting October 2, 2019
  • Manhattan Community Board 1 Environmental Committee Meeting October 3, 2019 
  • Southern Manhattan Coastal Protection Study May 2014

Get in touch

Contact: [email protected]

To learn more about LMCR, contact us.